The founding members and signatories who represent the International Consortium for Court Excellence include:
The Australasian Institute of Judicial Administration (AIJA)
The AIJA is an independent institute that draws its membership from all levels of the Australian and New Zealand judiciary, legal profession, court administrators, court librarians, and legal academics. The Institute’s principal objectives are research and education focusing on court administration and judicial systems.
The Federal Judicial Center
Established on the recommendation of the Judicial Conference of the United States, the Federal Judicial Center is the research and education organisation for the federal judicial system of the United States. The Center conducts and promotes research of judicial procedures and court operations and provides orientation and continuing education and training for federal judges and court employees.
The National Center for State Courts (NCSC)
The NCSC provides consulting, training, research and evaluation to court systems throughout the United States and throughout the world. It acts as an information clearinghouse in relation to all areas of judicial administration. NCSC’s Board consists of state court appellate and trial judges, court managers from all levels and jurisdictions of State courts, attorneys, and court users.
The State Courts of Singapore (formerly known as the Subordinate Courts of Singapore)
The State Courts have a broad jurisdiction that encompasses civil and criminal matters, family law, and juvenile justice. The State Courts have a long-standing commitment toward the reform of judicial administration, with particular emphasis on the international community and on the use of technology. For more information pertinent to the court excellence initiative, please refer to the 2010 Annual Report, Access to Quality Justice, available here.
Additional members of the International Consortium are as follows:
Batulicin District Court, Indonesia
The Batulicin District Court is a first level court located in the capital of Tanah Bumbu, South Kalimantan, Indonesia. Its primary duty and authority is to examine, decide and resolve criminal and civil cases at first level. The Court mission is to realize justice that is simple, fast, low cost and transparent. The Court started to implement the International Framework for Court Excellence in 2014, and joined the Consortium in October 2016 as an Implementing Member.
Commonwealth Judicial Education Institute (Canada)
The CJEI is a network of Commonwealth judicial educators knowledgeable in judicial education techniques and methodology which endeavors to create and deliver judicial education curricula supportive of contemporary judicial reform.
Council of Judges of Ukraine
The Council of Judges is the second highest judicial self-governance body sitting below the Congress of Judges of Ukraine. The Council of Judges develops and organizes the implementation of activities directed at ensuring judicial independence, improving support for court operations and control over court functioning.
County Court of Victoria, Australia
The Victoria County Court is the intermediate court in the Victorian court hierarchy and the principal trial court in the State. The vision of the court is to be a leader in Court Excellence, delivering the highest standard of justice to the community and inspiring public confidence in the rule of law.
Customs Appeal Tribunal Malaysia
The Customs Appeal Tribunal is an independent judicial body which was established to enhance the smooth and effective implementation of the tax administration appeal system of Malaysia, and to render it more business and client friendly.
District Court of New Zealand
The New Zealand District Courts are the trial courts of New Zealand. They have general jurisdiction for jury trials (where the maximum sentence is less than life imprisonment), all summary criminal matters and civil actions up to a value of $200,000. The vast majority of both civil and criminal actions in New Zealand are commenced in the District Courts.
The first official appearance of the judiciary in the Emirate of Dubai occurred in 1938. In 1958, a judicial department was established to consider disputes between people until 1970 when the modern judicial system in Dubai was established as an independent judicial entity from the United Arab Emirates Federal Judicial System. The Judicial Body comprises of three major courts: First Instance Court, Appeal Court and Supreme Court.
Dubai International Financial Centre Courts
DIFC Judicial Authority (DIFC Courts), the independent judicial system within the financial district, constitute a critical element of DIFC's offering to the financial industry. Created following extensive consultation and review of international best practices, DIFC Courts are an independent, common law judicial system with exclusive jurisdiction over all civil and commercial disputes within DIFC financial district, including bodies and companies registered in DIFC.
Family Court of Australia
The Family Court of Australia, through its specialist judges and staff, assists Australians to resolve their most complex legal family disputes. The Court’s goal is to deliver excellence in service for children, families and parties through effective judicial and non-judicial processes and high-quality and timely judgments while respecting the needs of separating families.
Federal Circuit Court of Australia
The Federal Circuit Court is an independent federal court under the Australian Constitution. It is a federal court of record and a court of law and equity. The Court is constituted by the Chief Judge and Judges as appointed. The Court was established to provide a simple and accessible alternative to litigation in the Federal Court of Australia (Federal Court) and the Family Court of Australia (Family Court) and to relieve the workload of those courts.
The High Court of Namibia
The High Court of Namibia consists of the Judge President and Additional Judges, all of which are appointed by the President of the Republic of Namibia on the recommendation of an independent Judicial Service Commission. The High Court has Inherent Jurisdiction and has unlimited original jurisdiction to hear and adjudicate upon all civil disputes and criminal prosecutions, including cases which involve the interpretation, implementation and upholding of the Constitution and the fundamental rights and freedoms guaranteed thereunder. The High Court also has jurisdiction to hear and adjudicate upon appeals from Lower Courts, exercises jurisdiction as a Labour Court and is also Court of Admiralty.
Judicial Service Commission of Kenya
The Judicial Service Commission is a constitutional body established under Article 171(1) of the Constitution of Kenya. The mandate of the commission is to promote and facilitate the independence and accountability of the Judiciary and the efficient, effective and transparent administration of justice.
Judiciary of Guam
The Judiciary of Guam hears all cases within the territory. The Supreme Court of Guam is the final judicial authority on local matters, and an appeal of its decisions can only be heard by the Supreme Court of the United States. More information concerning the Judiciary can be found at the Unified Courts of Guam website.
Judiciary of the Republic of the Marshall Islands
The Judiciary of the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ national courts include: the Supreme Court, the appellate court of last resort; the High Court, the highest trial court of general jurisdiction; the Traditional Rights Court, a special jurisdiction court for customary land disputes; and the District Court, a limited jurisdiction trial court.
Judiciary of Swaziland
The Judiciary of Swaziland includes the Supreme Court, High Court and the Industrial Court. Swaziland is an autonomous kingdom in South Africa which became a member of the International Consortium for Court Excellence in 2011.
Kepanjen District Court, East Java, Indonesia
The Kepanjen District Court is a court of general jurisdiction that hears criminal and civil cases at the first instance. There are approximately 250 District Courts in Indonesia.
Land and Environment Court of New South Wales (NSW)
The Land and Environment Court of New South Wales is a Court established by legislation giving it exclusive jurisdiction to determine environmental, development, building and planning disputes. It was set up under the Land and Environment Court Act 1979 (NSW) to provide specialist knowledge in the matters relating to the environment and planning laws in New South Wales. It has the power to review certain administrative decisions, enforce civil rights relating to planning, or to impose penalties for certain breaches of environmental law.
Magistrates Court of the Australian Capital Territory
The Magistrates Court of the ACT handles less serious criminal matters and civil disputes up to a jurisdictional limit of $250,000.
Magistrates' Court of Victoria, Australia
The Magistrates’ Court of Victoria has a long and proud history of providing justice for the people of Victoria in local and regional Courts across the State. The Court’s objective is to provide an efficient, modern and responsive Court of summary jurisdiction designed to meet the needs of the community.
Magistrates Service of Papua New Guinea (PNG)
The Papua New Guinea National Judicial System comprises of the Superior Courts (called the National and Supreme Courts) and the District Courts. Magistrates hear cases in the District Courts. The Magistrates Service website is under development but information can be found here. (pdf format)
Palau Supreme Court
The Supreme Court of Palau consists of a Trial Division (which has jurisdiction over all civil and criminal matters) and an Appellate Division (which has jurisdiction to review the decisions of the Trial Division and the lower courts). The Supreme Court also handles disciplinary and other special proceedings.
Queensland Civil and Administrative Tribunal (Australia)
Singapore Judicial College
The QCAT makes decisions on a range of matters for the first time known as original decisions. QCAT also reviews decisions previously made by government agencies and statutory authorities known as review decisions. To ensure quality decision making and administrative justice, all clients have the right to appeal the decision made by QCAT.
The Singapore Judicial College is an entity dedicated to the training and development of Judges and Judicial Officers. Comprising a local and an international wing, the Singapore Judicial College is established under the auspices of the Supreme Court of Singapore.
Spring Singapore is a public body concerned with the betterment of enterprise of all kinds. The organisation focuses on quality and the enhancement of productivity in both the private and public sectors.
Superior Court of Justice of Brazil
The Superior Court of Justice is the highest appellate court in Brazil for non-constitutional questions of federal law and has original jurisdiction over some cases.
Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory (ACT)
The Supreme Court of the ACT is the superior court in the ACT and hears and determines criminal and civil matters, including appeals from the Magistrates Court and the ACT Civil and Administrative Tribunal.
Supreme Court of Singapore
The Supreme Court of Singapore is made up of the Court of Appeal, the High Court, and the Singapore International Commercial Court. The Supreme Court Bench consists of the Chief Justice, the Judges of Appeal, Judges and Judicial Commissioners.
Supreme Court of Nepal
The Supreme Court of Nepal’s judicial powers allow it to hear writ petitions, to hear appeals, to review its own judgments, to hear certain cases and to revise the decisions of the Court of Appeal.
Supreme Court of the Philippines
The Supreme Court of the Philippines is the Philippines’ highest judicial court, as well as the court of last resort. The court consists of 14 Associate Justices and 1 Chief Justice. Pursuant to the Constitution, the Supreme Court has administrative supervision over all courts and the personnel thereof.
Supreme Court of Seychelles
The Supreme Court of Seychelles is the highest trial court in the country. It hears the more complex and high-value civil claims and the more serious criminal cases. It also tries admiralty matters and divorces. The Supreme Court also has supervisory jurisdiction of all the lower courts and tribunals and is usually the appelate court for all the lower courts and tribunals. The Supreme Court is not the highest court of the land and litigants may appeal from the Supreme Court to the Seychelles Court of Appeal.
Supreme Court of Victoria, Australia
The Supreme Court of Victoria is the superior Court in the State. The Court is divided into two divisions - the Court of Appeal and the Trial Division. Additional procedural and historical information can be found at the Court’s website.
Supreme Federal Court of Brazil
The Supreme Federal Court is the court of last resort of Brazil, serving primarily as the Constitutional Court of the country. It is the highest court of law in Brazil for constitutional issues and its rulings cannot be appealed.
Supreme and National Court of Papua New Guinea (PNG)
The Supreme and National Court are the Superior Courts of Papua New Guinea, as distinguished from the District Courts. The Constitution establishes the Supreme Court of Papua New Guinea and the Supreme Court Act provides for the Court's powers and rules of practice and procedure. The Supreme Court is the highest court in Papua New Guinea.
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